Tartar is very common and is formed when bacterial coatings stuck to the teeth come into contact with the saliva. It is especially important to remove the type of tartar that can lead to dental loss and there are several ways to do it.
There are two types of tartar. A type is formed above the gum edge on the inside of the forelegs of the lower jaw and on the outside of the large cheek teeth in the upper jaw. The other type of tartar is formed under the gum edge in inflamed gum pockets and can help you get dental, so-called periodontitis.
The first type of tartar formed above the gum edge is first grainy and porous and usually has a white, critical color. When it hardens, it can get a darker color because of, for example, smoking, coffee, tea and wine.
You can usually discover the tartar, which has a yellow or dark brown color, as it is visible on the teeth surface. Many therefore notice themselves when it starts to get a lot of tartar, especially if it is located in the middle of the lower jaw inside. Then you can often feel the rugged surface of the tartar with the tongue and sometimes see that the teeth have become discolored.
Tartar above the gum edge is harmful mainly because you get harder to keep close to the gum edge, which leads to an increased risk of gum inflammation. You often experience inflammation under the tartar that is closest to the gum.
Bleeding can be symptoms of tartar under the gum edge
The other type of tartar formed under the gum edge does not appear, but when the gums become inflamed due to bacteria in the tartar, you may have small bleeding events, such as brushing your teeth. You can sometimes also feel the taste of where from the inflamed gum pockets when the tartar has been around for a long time. Both bleeding and warmth are symptoms that may indicate that you have dental loss.
It is common for dental care that the tooth feels moveable and that it can be worn. Another symptom of dental loss caused by tartar under the gum edge is so-called dental migration, which means that the teeth move slowly from their original location over the course of several years.
Tartar above the gum edge is visible on the surface of the tooth and can often be removed without anesthesia. It may feel bad in the teeth and feel a bit uncomfortable but usually does not hurt. Removal of tartar under the gum edge feels more and anesthesia may be needed, especially if you have deep gum pockets.
Both types of tartar usually stuck quite hard, but can often be removed using an ultrasonic instrument. The instrument has a rounded metal tip that vibrates feather-proof to the surface of the tartar, which is then vibrated.
Various instruments can be used
Another way to remove tartar is to use different instruments to scrape bacterial coatings and tartar. The method is also used as a complement to the ultrasound instrument.
A relatively new method is to use a so-called surgical laser. It has a tip that can cheer up the tartar so that the usual approach with ultrasonic or handheld instruments becomes easier.
Polishing finishes treatment
The treatment is terminated by polishing all dental surfaces with so-called putty paste. This gives you smooth and easy-to-clean surfaces as possible, while reducing the risk of new bacterial coatings on your teeth.
The dentist or dental hygienist usually also tells you how to best take care of your oral hygiene, so that you can access the places where the tartar is usually formed.
After treatment, you may feel a little sore in the gum edge for a day. But the trouble disappears quickly and the gums are usually completely fresh after a week.
What is tartar?
Toothpaste is formed by soft bacterial coatings, so-called plaque, which sticks to the teeth and eventually hardens after contact with the saliva. Bacterial coatings are constantly formed on the teeth and must be removed daily to light and gums should be healthy.
The best way to avoid tartar is to remove the soft bacterial coating by regular brushing and cleaning between teeth with dental floss, toothpicks or interstitial brushes. You should also check your dentist or dental hygienist regularly to remove any tartar that has accumulated. It is important to remove tartar as it may otherwise cause inflammation of the gum, which in the worst case can lead to dental disease.
Common in many
Most have tooth decay on at least some tooth even though they clean your teeth regularly with toothbrush and dental floss. How much tartar that is formed varies from person to person, and it can also change during different periods of life. Tartar is seldom a problem in children, but if they get tartar, it usually sits inside the lower teeth of the lower jaw.